“How hard can it be?” is the first question a daring do-it-yourselfer may ask when approaching a perceivably easy home repair. And many have found out the answer to this question the hard way. The DIY craze has been in full swing in the United States for a while now. With the Internet as our guide, it seems as though no job is too large for our capable hands. Virtually every kind of repair or renovation is explained in full online, many times with step-by-step video to go along with it. And in a time when every penny counts, paying a professional could mean dipping into your staycation fund. There are many home repairs and renovation jobs that someone with modest experience can try to tackle. So how do you know when you’re being penny-wise versus pound foolish?
Ask any DIY enthusiast about the fun of a self-styled home renovation, and you’ll likely be peppered with horror stories of cracked walls and wobbling floorboards. But walls that aren’t plumb and floors that aren’t level are far different than leaking ceilings or sparking outlets. Attempting certain repairs can be dangerous to your house and harmful to yourself.
Here are five jobs that you’d be better off to leave to a professional.
One thing can be said about water — if there’s a way out, water will find it. The very smallest leak can lead to thousands of dollars worth of damage if it’s not caught in time. If you’re a capable do-it-yourselfer and there’s existing plumbing in place, you can probably manage some minor repairs like changing a shower head or replacing a faucet. Even installing a new toilet is within the realm of a capable DIY-er (just make sure you have a tight seal). Where you can get into trouble is if you try to modify your plumbing system — extending hot water lines or re-routing your sewer pipes. Working with hot water means copper pipes, and that requires a blow torch. Unless you have some serious welding experience, it’s best to leave the torch jobs to the professionals. While this isn’t as dangerous as electric work, plumbing problems can get out of hand fast and lead to an expensive and wet future.
Wires can be incredibly dangerous if you don’t know what you’re doing.
Any projects involving electricity should be approached with extreme caution. Like plumbing, you may be able to pull off minor repairs like changing a light switch or installing a ceiling fan — as long as you make sure that your power is turned off before you start. You can test the switch against the breaker so you’re positive that there isn’t a current, or you can just turn off your master switch to be super sure. You should also invest in a decent volt meter so you can test wires for power. But if the repair goes beyond a simple fixture, it’s best to call a professional electrician. In some instances, you have to have a permit to get the work done, and a professional will be your only option. Extending or replacing circuits is dangerous business if you don’t know what you’re doing. One wrong move could burn your house down, and a shock could result in injury or death. There are also building codes that are mandated for safety purposes; not being up to code may not affect you now, but it will if you ever try to sell your home.
Asbestos is a naturally occurring mineral and has been used for years in older homes and businesses for its insulating properties. It’s resistant to heat and electricity and is a good acoustic barrier as well. Unfortunately, asbestos was found to be toxic, and most of its uses were banned in the United States in 1989 by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The ban was overturned in 1991, allowing trace amounts of asbestos in certain products, but the days of using it in large amounts as an insulator were over. While this stopped the mass use of asbestos, there were no provisions for the homes and businesses that already contained it.
Asbestos abatement teams are typically hired to rid commercial properties of the toxic insulation. While it’s possible to perform a DIY asbestos removal, it’s not recommended. Aside from the inherent dangers of toxicity, there are many laws that govern the removal of asbestos because it can pose a danger to those in close proximity — like your neighbors. So what’s a homeowner to do? Hire a professional.
Repairing a roof isn’t recommended for a do-it-yourselfer for one reason — it’s easy to fall off of. Repairing a roof shingle or two isn’t the toughest job in the world, but it’s getting up and down and carrying your tools with you that pose the risk of injury or death. It’s also very tiring work, and when you’re tired, you’re more prone to make a mistake. Just a quick slip is all it takes to send you over the edge of a second-story roof.
If you live in a one-story ranch and your slope is less than 20 degrees, you can probably get away with gutter work and minor shingle repair. Your roof may even be low enough to do it from the ladder. But these minor fixes still can be dangerous, and you should never attempt any of them when you’re home alone. At the very least, you should have a spotter in place to hold the ladder and be there in case of an accident. Aside from the danger involved, roofing work also requires experience to get it right. If you bite off more than you can chew, you may end up with a leaky roof and expensive water damage.
Gas Appliance Repairs
A typical home may have several different appliances that run on gas. Your clothes dryer, oven and hot water heater are a few. It isn’t always a repair that leads people down the path of danger when dealing with gas. Sometimes, it may just be necessary to move the stove because of a floor tiling project or to move a dryer away from a wall that needs painting. Some homeowners feel like a hot water heater replacement is within the realm of their capabilities, and this is when accidents happen. Like water, gas will always find a leak. So while you may have done a good job in cutting off the gas supply line and moving the stove, you may not have been as careful when hooking it back up. The end result of what you thought was a simple fix could lead to accidental carbon monoxide poisoning — something that kills more than 400 people per year in the US.
When hanging wallpaper yourself…make sure you know where your kids are!
In the wake of the housing market crisis, we started remodeling with less pretention and more functionality, says Kermit Baker, the chief economist for the American Institute of Architects.
Based on what he’s seeing in the AIA’s quarterly Home Design Trends Survey, home owners and home builders are putting their money into open designs, multi-functional rooms, and homes that age with us. At the same time, we’re moving away from luxury bathrooms and kitchens.
“There have been some pretty significant changes over the past six years and housing preferences may have changed permanently,” says Baker. “The day of the grandiose master bath may have passed us by, and the trend of integrating the kitchen into the family space accelerated during the downturn, along with multi-use spaces and informality.”
The other trends Baker sees in the remodeling data:
Special purpose rooms
If you’re telecommuting, you need a home office. Even if you’re not officially working from home, you’re probably setting up a side business, or consulting out of your home while the economy is weak.
When the job market improves, you can turn that home office into something else that works for you, such as a craft room or a guest bedroom.
When the economy downsized, so did home buyers, and builders responded by constructing smaller homes. That flies in the face of the past four decades’ history of Americans building bigger homes yet having smaller families.
We’ll just have to wait and see if rising incomes lead to rising home sizes, or whether the tiny house trend sticks around, Baker says.
I suspect that once the economy picks up, so will home sizes. It’s only when you see your neighbors lose their jobs that flashing your over-the-top lifestyle by building a ginormous house loses its luster.
In the past, we’ve not altered our homes to accommodate the challenges of aging until we really had no other choice. Lately, though, home owners are taking accessibility and aging in place into consideration when they’re doing remodels.
I suspect this is because we Baby Boomers have witnessed our parents making updates so they could stay in their own homes as they aged. After you see what it cost Mom to widen the doorways so her wheelchair would fit through them, you’re a lot more likely to put wider doors in when you remodel your home.
The Kettle House in Texas is very interesting-looking structure. Rumor has it that it was built in the 1950′s, and that it is the top of a silo turned upside down and roofed. This house has survived the great hurricane infected Texas. The great engineering of the house remain to be applauded at it was meant to survive heavy storms and flood.
Deciding what siding you’d like for your home is a matter of personal taste. Where as some people adore the old rustic look of wood, more people opt for a lower maintenance siding such as vinyl. Deciding how much work you want to dedicate to your siding (with installation and yearly upkeep), your price range, and resale value will determine which type you choose.
Over the years there have been seven main types of siding which include, wood, asbestos, aluminum, vinyl, hardboard composite, fiberglass, and cement fiber. Throughout the years, it has been whittled down to four major types. Asbestos, because of it’s health risks is no longer used, and fiberglass and hardboard composite are nearly extinct.
When deciding between wood, aluminum, vinyl and cement fiber, consider the following characteristics of each. Wood siding, although it has a lot of character is a lot of work. Constantly repainting, caulking and keeping pesky insects out of your wood can be an ongoing job. If you do decide to opt for wood, the price will vary based on which wood you choose and the style that you prefer. Hanging wood siding is pretty easy. Clapboard siding has overlapping joints, and board siding usually has grooves that fit into one another.
Aluminum siding has in many ways replaced wood siding. Many newer homes install aluminum siding because it is relatively low maintenance. Coming in a variety of colors, grains and patterns, aluminum siding offers you the option of “wooden siding” because of it’s variety of textures. Aluminum siding is very easy to hang, arriving in planks you simply interlock the planks together. Prices range from moderately to high if you choose vinyl or plastic coated aluminum. The disadvantages of aluminum siding is that it is prone to denting and fading over time. It is noisy and you lack the flexibility for detailed trim work.
Vinyl siding, is a low cost and low maintenance siding. It is easy to install with perforated holes that interlock, and like aluminum siding is available in a variety of colors, designs and textures. Although vinyl siding can crack in cold weather if there is an impact, there are few if any repairs other than an occasional break. Since the color is actually in the vinyl, there will never be a need to repaint.
Cement Fiber Siding, is the most recent siding. It is durable and low maintenance. Although it is slightly more expensive that other options, it does have a 50 year warranty. For environmentally conscious consumers, you will be happy to know it is made out of recycled materials. Cement Fiber siding is almost indistinguishable from natural wood siding since it can match grain and be manipulated into trim and detail just as wood would. The advantage to using Cement Fiber siding is that it has curbside appeal like wood, but is durable, prefinished, does not need to be repainted year after year, and has no problem with insects.
Make Homes, Not War!
Can your home survive a direct nuclear strike? This one can. Made from a decommissioned missile silo in upstate New York, it’s one of the strongest structures ever built. The 2,300-sq.-ft., below-ground portion includes a full kitchen, entertainment center, and two private suites. Entrance is gained via an 1,800-sq.-ft. log home on the surface, and there’s a private runway. Buy-in price? About $750,000.